Training pattern for single- and multirotor aircrafts

It is crucial for all operations (even the simplest one) that the pilot master the different conditions at the site. Therefore, we have developed a flight skills program that sets the standard for where the pilot stands in relation to flight skills. Safe flights can only be carried out if the pilot master manual flying without the support of satellite navigation (eg GPS, GLONASS etc) *.

REMARK: All training patterns, except for the "The spiral", must be performed as a hover exercise with max. airspeed at 1m / sec.



The yaw challence

From stagnant hovering, perform a 720 ° yaw turn (horizontal rotation). Time consumption during rotation should be 15sec / 360 °.

The horizontal eight

Fly (hover) a horizontal eight consisting of two adjacent 360° circles with opposite turning direction (nose forward in flight direction)

The nose in/out

Fly (hover) 720 ° degrees circle "nose in" around an object with pilot off circle, 10m diameter. Then perform a "nose out" in the same way. One "counterclockwise" the other "clockwise".

The Cube

Fly (hover) a 90° cube, nose in flight direction clockwise (eight legs in blue).

Then fly the same cube counterclockwise (eight legs in orange).

Size: 10m x 10m x 10m.

The entire maneuver is performed "nose forward in flight direction"

Decent / ascent first. Then rotate 90 ° before performing the next leg.

The Spiral

Demonstrate an emergency landing procedure on request.

Here, emphasis is placed on maximum vertical decent, but without the danger of instability, people on the ground or flight into terrain.

No air speed limitations.

The barrel spiral

Imagine a standing cylinder.

Fly a descending, 720° spiral (nose forward in flight direction) in the outer edge of the cylinder. After the first 360° turn, half of the decent should be done.


  • Diameter: 10m
  • Initial hight: 35m
  • Midway hight: 25
  • Final hight: 15m 



When using a single-engine helicopter, the candidate must demonstrate an autorotation (simulate an engine cut) with subsequent landing.

The prerequisite for carrying out the exercises is that the GPS is turned OFF, but that ALTI / ATTI mode can be activated. It is essential to compensate for the wind component (drift) during the exercises (for example, the circle becomes an "oval" without compensating for the drift).

*For drones that cannot turn off GNSS (eg DJI Mavic etc.), we place extra demands on accuracy in the execution of the exercises. In general, we consider drones that cannot disconnect the GNSS functionality (e.g. ALTI-/ATTI-mode) should not be used in professional operations.